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ISTILAH PERUNDANGAN

 
 

New Page 1

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Bil

Bahasa Melayu

Bahasa Inggeris

1713

padam

expunge

1714

pajak

lease

1715

pajakan

lease

1716

pajakan dibaharui

renewed lease

1717

pajakan kecil

under lease

1718

pajakan masa depan

future lease

1719

pajakan melombong

mining lease

1720

pakat-sulit

collusion

1721

pakatan

pact

1722

paksaan

coercion

1723

pampasan

compensation

1724

pampasan adil

just compensation

1725

pampasan cukup

edequate compensation

1726

pampasan efektif

effective compensation

1727

pampasan menurut undang-undang

legal compensation

1728

panggil

summon (parliament)

1729

panggilan

call (of share)

1730

pangkas bahas

guilotine (parliamentary procedure)

1731

pari passu

pari passu

1732

parlimen

parliament

1733

parol

parole

1734

pasaran terbuka

market overt

1735

paten

patent

1736

patuh

comply

1737

pecah

breach

1738

pecah amanah

breach of trust

1739

pecah amanah jenayah

criminal breach of trust

1740

pecah bahagi

subdivide

1741

pecah keamanan

breach of peach

1742

pecah lot

subdivision (land)

1743

pecah rumah

house-breaking

1744

pecah sempadan tanah

partition of land

1745

pecahan

division (company)

1746

pegangan kekal

freehold

1747

pegangan pajak

leasehold

1748

pegawai awam

public officer

1749

pegawai diberikuasa

authorised officer

1750

Pegawai Pemegang Harta

Official Assignee

1751

Pegawai Penerima

Official Receiver

1752

Pegawai Pentadbir Pusaka

Official Administrator

1753

Peguam Negara

Attorney General

1754

peguam pembela

defence counsel

1755

peguambela

advocate

1756

peguambela dan peguamcara

advocate and solicitor

1757

peguamcara

solicitor

1758

Peguam Negara

Solicitor General

1759

pejabat pendaftaran

registry

1760

pejabat pendaftaran utama 

principal registry

1761

pekerja

employee

1762

pekomplot

conspirator

1763

pekongsi

partner

1764

pekongsi lelap

sleeping partner

1765

pekongsi pendam

dormant partner

1766

pelabuhan

port

1767

pelabuhan asing

foreign port

1768

pelabuhan bebas

free port

1769

pelaburan

investment

1770

pelaburan semula

reinvestment

1771

pelaksanaan

performance

1772

pelaksanaan ekuiti

equitable execution

1773

pelaksanaan kontrak 

performance of contract

1774

pelaksanaan sebahagian

part performance

1775

pelaksanaan spesifik

specific performance

1776

pelaksanaan tak wajar

undue performance

1777

pelaksanaan wajar

due performance

1778

pelaku tort

tortfeasor

1779

pelaku tort bersama

concurrent tortfeasor;joint tortfeasor

1780

pelancaran syarikat

floatation of company

1781

pelancung

counterfeiter

1782

pelanggaran

infringement; violation; breach

1783

pelanggaran bon

breach of bond

1784

pelanggaran hak

infringement of rights

1785

pelanggaran kewajipan statutori

breach of statutory duty

1786

pelantar benua

continental shelf

1787

pelanunan

piracy

1788

pelarasan

adjustment

1789

pelarian

refugee

1790

pelarian cukai

tax evasion

1791

pelatih

pupil

1792

pelatihan

pupillage

1793

pelawaan tawaran

invitation to treat

1794

pelelong

auctioneer

1795

pelelong berlesen

licensed auctioneer

1796

pelepasan

relinquishment

1797

pelepasan gadaian

discharge of charge

1798

pelepasan isemen

release of easement

1799

pelepasan kewarganegaraan

renunciation of citizenship

1800

pelepasan mutlak

absolute discharge

1801

pelepasan peguam

discharge of counsel

1802

pelepasan satu pihak

unilateral discharge

1803

pelesapan

misappropriation

1804

pelesapan jenayah

criminal misappropriation

1805

peluang untuk didengar

opportunity of being heard

1806

pelunasan 

amortisation

1807

pelunasan hutang

amortisation of debt

1808

pelupusan harta

disposition of property

1809

pelupusan tanah

disposal of land

1810

pemaafan

condonation

1811

pemakaian

application

1812

pemalsuan

forgery

1813

pemastautin

resident

1814

pemastautin tetap

permanent resident

1815

pemasukan alien

admission of aliens

1816

pematahan

rebuttal

1817

pematian oranng

manslaughter

1818

pematuhan

compliance

1819

pematuhan wajar

due observance

1820

pembahagian

distribution

1821

pembahagian harta

distribution of property

1822

pembahagian kuasa

distribution of power

1823

pembahagian mengikut kadar

reteable distribution

1824

pembaharuan

renewal

1825

pembatalan

abrogation;annulment;nullity;recision;revocation

1826

pembatalan award

nullity of award

1827

pembatalan lucuthak

annulment of forreiture

1828

pembatalan perkahwinan

nullity of marriage

1829

pembatasan 

delimitation

1830

pembatasan bidang kuasa

limitation of jurisdiction

1831

pembatasan liabiliti

limitation of liability

1832

pembayaran

disbursement (payment)

1833

pembayaran daripada mahkamah

payment out of court

1834

pembayaran ke dalam mahkamah

payment into court

1835

pembayaran sebahagian

part payment

1836

pembaziran ekuiti

equitable waste

1837

pembebasan 

acquittal;liberation

1838

pembela

defence (party)

1839

pembelaan

defence (action)

1840

pembelaan alibi

defence of alibi

1841

pembelaan tawaran

defence of tender

1842

pembelanjaan

disbursement (expenses)

1843

pembeli

purchaser

1844

pembeli bona fide dengan nilai

bona fide purchaser for value

1845

pembelian bersama

joint purchase

1846

pembelotan

defection

1847

pembentukan semula syarikat

reconstruction of company

1848

pemberhentian

cessation;discontinuance

1849

pemberhentian kacau ganggu

abatement of nuisance

1850

pemberhentian permusuhan

cessation of hostility

1851

pemberhentian tindakan

abatement of action

1852

pemberi

grantor

1853

pemberi devis

devisor

1854

pemberi kredit

creditor

1855

pemberi lesen

licensor

1856

pemberi pajak

lessor

1857

pemberi pinjam wang

money-lender

1858

pemberian kelas

class gifts

1859

pemberian nyata

express grant

1860

pemberikuasaan

authorisation

1861

pemberimilikan tanah

alienation of land

1862

pemberitahu

informant

1863

pemberitahuan

notification

1864

pemberitahuan niat

notification of intention

1865

pemberitahuan terdahulu

prior notification

1866

pemberitahuan undang-undang

legal notification

1867

pemberitahuan warta

gazette notification

1868

pemberkecualian

neutralization

1869

pemberontak

insurgent

1870

pemberontakan

insurgence

1871

Pembesar-Pembesar Memerintah

Ruling Chiefs

1872

pembetulan 

rectification

1873

pembiaran

connivance

1874

pembicaraan

hearing

1875

pembolos

deserter

1876

pembolosan

desertion (military)

1877

pembuat tawaran

offeror

1878

pembuat undang-undang

legislator

1879

pembuatan perjanjian

conclusion of agreement

1880

pembuatan triti

conclusion of treaty

1881

pembubaran

dissolution

1882

pembubaran perkahwinan

dissolution of marriage

1883

pembubaran pertubuhan

dissolution of society

1884

pembubaran syarikat

dissolution of company

1885

pembunuhan belas kasihan

mercy killing

1886

pemecatan

expultion

1887

pemecatan salah

wrongful dismissal

1888

pemegang amanah

trustee

1889

pemegang amanah bersama

co-trustee

1890

pemegang amanah de son tort

trustee de son tort

1891

pemegang amanah penjaga

custodian trustee

1892

Pemegang Amanah Raya

Public Trustee

1893

pemegang gadai-janji

mortgagee

1894

pemegang gadaian

chargee;pawnee

1895

pemegang konsesi

concessionaire

1896

pemegang lesen

licensee

1897

pemegang pajak gadai

pawnbroker

1898

pemegang serahhak

assignee

1899

pemegang simpanan

depositary  

1900

pemegang syer bersama

jont holder of share

1901

pemegang syer utama

principal shareholder

1902

pemegangan

tenure (customary)

1903

pemegangan ikut adat

customary tenure

1904

pemegangan lepas masa

holding over

1905

pemelarian

abduction

1906

pemeliharaan

care

1907

pemenjaraan

imprisonment

1908

pemenjaraan seumur hidup

imprisonment for life

1909

pemerasan

extortion

1910

pemerbadanan

incorporation (company)

1911

pemeriksaan

inspection

1912

pemeriksaan awam

public examination (of debtor)

1913

pemeriksan balas

cross-examination

1914

pemeriksaan penghutang penghakiman

examination of judgement debtor

1915

pemeriksaan post-mortem

post-mortem examination

1916

pemeriksaan semula

re-examination

1917

pemeriksaan utama

examination in chief

1918

pemerintah berdaulat

sovereign (Ruler)

1919

Pemerintah Tertinggi Angkatan Tentera 

Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces

1920

pemerintahan majoriti

majority rule

1921

pemerintahan minoriti

minority rule

1922

pemerintahan sendiri

self-government

1923

pemerintahan tentera

martial law

1924

pemeroleh

procurer

1925

pemerolehan

procurement

1926

pemihak

partisan

1927

pemilih

elector

1928

pemilihan 

election

1929

pemilik

possessor

1930

pemilikan bertentangan

adverse possession

1931

pemilikan salah

wrongful possession

1932

pemiliknegaraan

nationalization

1933

pemindah

transferor

1934

pemindahan hak

transfer of right

1935

pemindahan hakmilik

transfer of title

1936

pemindahan kumpulan wang

transfer of fund

1937

pemindahan syer

transfer of share

1938

pemindahhakan

conveyance

1939

pemisahan kehakiman

judicial separation

1940

pemohon

applicant

1941

pempetisyen

petitioner

1942

pemuda

youth

1943

pemujuklarian

enticement

1944

pemulihan

rehabilation

1945

pemunya

owner

1946

pemunya paten

patentee

1947

pemunya sebahagian

part owner

1948

pemunyaan

ownership

1949

pemunyaan benefisial

beneficial ownership

1950

pemunyaan disisi undang-undang

legal ownership

1951

pemutusan triti

denunciation of treaty

1952

penafian keadilan

denial of justice

1953

penahanan

attachment;imprisonment

1954

penahanan diri

abstention

1955

penahanan gaji

attachment of earnings

1956

penahanan hutang

attachment of debt

1957

penahanan salah

false imprisonment

1958

penahanan sebelum penghakiman

attachment before judgement

1959

penaklukan

conquest

1960

penalti

penalty

1961

penalti ingkar

default penalty

1962

penalti kewangan

monetary penalty

1963

penalti wang

pecuniary penalty

1964

penama

nominator

1965

penamaan

nomination (general)

1966

penamatan

termination

1967

penamatan kontrak

termination of contract

1968

penamatan triti

termination of treaty

1969

penandatangan

signatory

1970

penandatangan asal

original signatory

1971

penangguhan

adjournment

1972

penanggung insurans

insurer

1973

penanggung kaveat

caveatee

1974

penanggung obligasi

obligor

1975

penangkapan

arrest

1976

penangkapan sebelum penghakiman

arrest before judgement

1977

penangkapan tak wajar

improper arrest

1978

penawanan

capture

1979

pencabaran

impeachment

1980

pencabaran kebolehpercayaan

impeachment of credit

1981

pencacatan sifat

disfiguration

1982

pencalonan

nomination (election);candidacy

1983

pencarter

charterer

1984

pencatutan

profiteering

1985

pencelah

intervener

1986

pencen

pensions

1987

penceroboh

trespasser

1988

pencerobohan

trespass 

1989

pencolekan

kidnapping

1990

pencurian

theft

1991

pendaftar

registrar

1992

pendaftaran

registration

1993

pendaftaran urusan

registration of dealings

1994

pendahuluan

advancement

1995

pendakwa

prosecutor

1996

Pendakwa Raya

Public Prosecutor

1997

pendakwaan

prosecution

1998

pendakwaan jenayah

criminal prosecution

1999

pendakwaan niat jahat

malicious prosecution

2000

pendakwaan tempatan

local prosecution

2001

pendamaian

conciliation

2002

pendapat

finding (of the court)

2003

pendapat berasingan

separate opinion

2004

pendapat bertentangan

dissenting opinion

2005

pendapat nasihat

advisory opinion

2006

pendapat undang-undang

legal opinion

2007

pendapatan bersih

net earnings

2008

pendapatan boleh bahagi

distributable income

2009

pendapatan tenaga

earned income

2010

pendapatan tercukai

chargeable income

2011

pendapatan terlaras

adjusted income

2012

pendedahan

disclosure

2013

pendedahan lucah

indecent exposure

2014

pendedahan deduktif

deductive approach

2015

pendekatan induktif

inductive approach

2016

pendente lite

pendente lite

2017

penderhakaan

treason

2018

penderhakaan bersenjata

armed insurrection

2019

penduduk awam

civilian population

2020

pendudukan

occupation (territory)

2021

penduitan

realisation (conversion)

2022

pendulu

predecessor

2023

pendulu dalam hakmilik

predessor in title

2024

penebusan

redemption

2025

penemuan

discovery (territory)

2026

penentang

adversary;respondent

2027

penentang bersama

co-respondent

2028

penentusahan

verification

2029

penepian

waiver

2030

penepian kekebalan

waiver of immunity

2031

penerbitan

publication

2032

penerbitan mudarat

harmful publication

2033

penemrima

acceptor

2034

penerima anuiti

annuitant

2035

penerima anuiti bersama

joint annuitant

2036

penerima baki

remainderman

2037

penerima devis

devisee

2038

penerima janji

promisee

2039

penerima kosainan

consignee

2040

penerima legasi

legatee

2041

penerima legasi bakian

residuary legatee

2042

penerima namaan

nominee

2043

penerima obligasi

obligee

2044

penerima pajak

lessee 

2045

penerima pemberian

grantee

2046

penerima pindahan

transferee

2047

penerima tawaran

offeree

2048

penerimaan

acceptance

2049

penerimaan formal

formal acceptance

2050

peneriman ke jawatan

admission to office

2051

penerimaan konstruktif

constructive receipt

2052

penerimapakaian

adoption (law)

2053

penerimapakaian spesifik

specific adoption

2054

penetapan

declaration

2055

penetapan kos

taxation of costs

2056

penetapan pembatalan

declaration of nullity

2057

pengadu

complainant

2058

pengadukan makanan

adulteration of food

2059

pengagihan

apportionment

2060

pengagihan ganti rugi

apportionment of damages

2061

pengagresi

aggressor

2062

pengakuan dan pengakuan salah

admission and confession

2063

pengakuan salah

confession

2064

pengakuan salah dan pengelakan

confession and avoidance

2065

pengakusaksian formal

formal attestation

2066

pengamal undang-undang

legal practitioner

2067

pengambil insurans

insured

2068

pengambilan

acquisition

2069

pengambilan tanah

acquisition of land

2070

pengampunan

pardon

2071

pengangkat

adopter

2072

pengangkatan

adoption (child)

2073

pengangkatan ikut adat

customary adoption

2074

pengangkutan barangan

carriage of goods

2075

pengangkutan darat

carriage by land

2076

pengangkutan laut

carriage by sea

2077

pengangkutan udara

carriage by air

2078

penganiayaan

maltreatment

2079

pengantara

mediator

2080

pengantaraan 

mediation

2081

pengapian

incitement

2082

pengapit

assessor (judge)

2083

pengaruh tak wajar

undue influence

2084

pengataan

allegation

2085

pengartaan material

material allegation

2086

pengawal tanahair

hom guard

2087

pengawasan polis

police supervision

2088

pengayaan yang tak patut

unjust enrichment

2089

pengecualian

exemption

2090

pengedaran dadah

drug trafficking

2091

pengehadan

limitation

2092

pengekalan testimoni

perpetuation of testimony

2093

pengelakan

avoidance (tax)

2094

pengelakan cukai

tax avoidance

2095

pengelakan keutamaan

avoidance of preference

2096

pengelakan sengaja

wilful evasion

2097

pengembalian harta

escheat

2098

pengendorsan

endorsement

2099

pengendorsan penyampaian

endorsement of service

2100

pengendorsan tuntutan

endorsement of claim

2101

pengendorsan writ

endorsement of writ

2102

pengesahan

authentication;legalization

2103

pengesahtarafan

legitimation

2104

pengesanan

tracing

2105

penggabungan wilayah

incorporation of territory

2106

penggadai

chargor;pawner

2107

penggadai-janji

mortgagor

2108

penggal

division (legislation)

2109

pengganti

successor

2110

penggantian juridikal

juridical substitution

2111

penggantungan pelaksanaan

stay of execution

2112

penggarnis

garnishor

2113

]penggelapan

embezzlement

2114

penggerenti

guarantor

2115

Penggubal Undang-Undang Parlimen

Parliamentary of Draftsman

2116

penggulungan

winding up

2117

penggunaan eksklusif

exclusive enjoyment

2118

penghakiman

judgment 

2119

penghakiman asing

foreign judgment

2120

penghakiman bertentangan

dissenting judment

2121

penghakiman dengan persetujuan

judgment by consent

2122

penghakiman ingkar

default judgment;judgment in default

2123

penghakiman interlokutori

interlocutory judgment

2124

penghakiman mandatori

mandatory judgment

2125

penghakiman muktamad

final judgment

2126

penghakiman pembatal

nullity judgment

2127

penghakiman perisytiharan

declaratory judgment

2128

penghakiman persetujuan

consent judgment

2129

penghakiman seperti dipohon

judgment as prayed

2130

penghakiman terus

summary judgment

2131

penghantar

conveyor

2132

penghantar saman

process server

2133

penghapusan hak

extinction of right

2134

penghapusan hakmilik

extinguishment of title

2135

penghasilan

realisation (investment)

2136

penghasilan aset

realisation of asset

2137

penghijakan

hijacking

2138

penghinaan bendera

abuse of flag

2139

penghinaan mahkamah

contempt of court

2140

penghujahan

submission

2141

penghukuman

adjudication

2142

penghunian

occupation (premise);occupancy

2143

penghunian seumur hidup

life occupancy

2144

penghutang

debtor

2145

penghutang ingkar

default debtor

2146

penghutang penghakiman

judgment debtor

2147

penghutang utama

principal debtor

2148

pengikhtirafan

recognition

2149

pengiktirafan bersyarat

conditional recognition

2150

pengiktirafan kehakiman

judicial notice

2151

pengiktirafan kolektif

collective recognition

2152

pengiktirafan tersirat

implied recognition

2153

pengindorsan

indorsement

2154

pengindorsan tuntutan

indorsement of claim

2155

pengirim konsainan

consignor

2156

pengkanunan

condification

2157

pengkaveat

caveator

2158

pengkhidmat awam

public servant

2159

penguatkuasaan

enforcement

2160

penguatkuasaan award timbangtara

enforcement of arbitral award

2161

penguatkuasaan penghakiman

enforcement of judgment

2162

penguatkuasaan penghakiman bersaling

reciprocal enforcement of judgment

2163

penguatkuasaan undang-undang

enforcement of law

2164

pengukuhan hakmilik

consolidation of title (international law)

2165

pengulanglaku jenayah

recidivist

2166

pengumpukan ganti rugi

apportionment of damages

2167

pengumuman 

publication

2168

pengunderait

underwriter

2169

pengunderaitan

underwriting

2170

pengundi tak hantar

absent voter

2171

pengurangan ganti rugi

mitigation of damages

2172

pengurangan kuasa

derogation of power

2173

pengusiran

expulsion

2174

penilaian

appraisement

2175

penimbangtara

arbitrator

2176

penindasan minoriti

minority oppression

2177

peninggalan

abandonment;ommision;desertion;abandonment (of child)

2178

peninggalan hakmilik

abandonment of title;dereliction

2179

peninggalan langsung konstruktif

constructive desertion

2180

peninggalan material

material omission

2181

penipu

swindler

2182

penjaga

guardian

2183

penjaga ad litem

guardian ad litem

2184

penjaga menurut wasiat

testamentary guardian

2185

penjagaan

guardianship

2186

penjamin

surety

2187

penjanji

promissor

2188

penjara

prison

2189

penjara kerja berat

rigorous imprisonment

2190

penjelasan

acquittance

2191

penjenayah

criminal;malefactor

2192

penjenayah perang

war criminal

2193

penjenayah terhukum

condemned criminal

2194

penjual

vendor

2195

penolak tuntutan

disclaimer

2196

penolakan

refusal;repudiation

2197

penolakan bersumpah

abjuration

2198

penolakan nyata

express renunciation

2199

penolakan probet

renunciation of probate

2200

pentadbir

administrator

2201

pentadbir de bonis non

administrator de bonis non

2202

pentadbiran terus

summary administration

2203

pentafsiran

construction

2204

pentafsiran dokumen

construction of document

2205

pentafsiran kontrak

construction of contract

2206

pentafsiran perjanjian tersirat

construction of implied agreement

2207

pentafsiran wasiat

construction of will

2208

pentaksahan perkahwinan

avoidance of marriage

2209

pentauliahan

accredition

2210

penugasan semula

reassignment (duty)

2211

penukaran

conversation (title)

2212

penundaan

postponement

2213

penuntut balas

counter claimant

2214

penurunan

devolution

2215

penurunan harta

devolution of property

2216

penurunan kepentingan

devolution of interest

2217

penurunan liabiliti bersama

devolution of joint liability

2218

penyalahgunaan hak

abuse of right

2219

penyalahgunaan kuasa

abuse of power

2220

penyamaran

personation

2221

penyampaian ganti

substitude service

2222

penyampaian ke diri

personal service

2223

penyampaian luar bidang kuasa

service out of jurisdiction

2224

penyampaian proses

service of process

2225

penyampaian singkat

short service

2226

penyata

returns

2227

penyatuan

amalgamation

2228

penyatuan hakmilik

consiolidation of title (land law)

2229

penyatuan perkahwinan

consummation of marriage

2230

penyatuan syarikat

amalgamation of companies

2231

penyatuan tanah

amalgamation of land

2232

penyatuan tindakan

consolidation of action

2233

penyekatan perkahwinan

restraint of marriage

2234

penyekatan perniagaan

restraint of trade

2235

penyelesai

liquidator

2236

penyelesai sementara

provisional liquidator

2237

penyelesaian

liquidation;satisfaction

2238

penyelesaian berkekerasan

forcible settlement

2239

penyelesaian harta perkahwinan

marriage settlement

2240

penyelesaian kehakiman

judicial settlement

2241

penyelesaian permohonan

disposal of appeal

2242

penyelesaian pertikaian

settlement of dispute

2243

penyelesaian rayuan

disposal of appeal

2244

penyelesaian secara berbaik-baik

amicable settlement

2245

penyeesaian secara damai

peaceful settlement

2246

penyelesaian secara distres

amends by distress

2247

penyeludupan

smuggling

2248

penyemakan

revision

2249

penyembunyian

concealment

2250

penyenggaraan

maintenance

2251

penyenggaraan tindakan

maintenance of an action

2252

penyerahan wilayah

cession of territory

2253

penyerahgantian

abandonment

2254

penyerahhak

assignor

2255

penyerahhakan mutlak

absolute assignment

2256

penyerahsimpanan

lodgement

2257

penyewa

tenant

2258

penyewa bersama

joint tenants

2259

penyewa kecil

under-tenant

2260

penyewa sesama

tenants in common

2261

penyewa seumur hidup

tenant for life

2262

penyewaan

tenancy

2263

penyiaran

publication

2264

penyiaran dalam Warta

publication in Gazette

2265

penyiaran libel

publication of libel

2266

penyiasatan

inquisition;investigation

2267

penyimpan

depositor

2268

penyimpan harta musuh

custodian of enemy property

2269

penyimpanan triti

deposit of treaties

2270

penyisipan

interpolation

2271

penyitaan 

seizure

2272

penzahiran dokumen

discovery of document

2273

peperangan angkatan laut

naval warfare

2274

per curiam

per curiam

2275

per incuriam

per incuriam

2276

per se

per se

2277

per stirpes

per stirpes

2278

perairan berkecuali

neutral waters

2279

perairan bersambungan

inter-connecting waters

2280

perairan negara

national waters 

2281

perairan pedalaman

internal waters

2282

perairan wilayah

territorial waters

2283

perakuan

certification;certificate

2284

perakuan amalan

practising certificate

2285

perakuan kelayakan terbang

certificate of airworthiness

2286

perakuan kewarganegaraan

certificate of citizenship

2287

perakuan nakhoda

master's certificate

2288

perakuan notarial

notarial certificate

2289

perakuan pengenalan

certificate of identity

2290

perakuan perkahwinan

certificate of marriage

2291

peramanahan

trusteeship

2292

perampasan

confiscation

2293

perang darat

land warfare

2294

perang saudara

civil war

2295

perang udara

air warfare

2296

perangai buruk

misbehaviour

2297

perangai tak senonoh

disorderly behaviour

2298

perantaraan 

intermediate

2299

peras

extort

2300

perasaan hati

conscience

2301

perasingan bayaran

appropriation of payment

2302

perasingan kuasa

separation of powers

2303

peraturan kebersihan

sanitary regulation

2304

peraturan-peraturan

regulations

2305

Peraturan-Peraturan Majlis Mesyuarat

Standing Orders (parliament)

2306

perayu

appellant

2307

perayu undi

canvasser

2308

perbadanan

corporation

2309

perbadanan agregat

corporation aggregate

2310

perbadanan amanah

trust corporation

2311

perbadanan awam

public corporation

2312

perbadanan berbilang negara

multinasional corporation

2313

perbadanan seorang

corporation sole

2314

perbandaran

municipality

2315

perbarisan cam

identification parade

2316

perbatasan udara

air frontier

2317

perbicaraan

trial

2318

perbicaraan olok-olok

mock trial

2319

perbicaraan terus

summary trial

2320

perbuatan atau peninggalan

act or ommission

2321

perbuatan berjustifikasi

justifiable act

2322

perbuatan kebankrapan

act of bankruptcy

2323

perbuatan menindas

oppressive act

2324

perbutan menyalahi undang-undang

illegal practice

2325

perbuatan niat jahat

malicious act

2326

perbuatan notarial

notarial act

2327

perbuatan rasuah

corrupt practice

2328

perbuatan salah

wrong act

2329

perbuatan salah boleh dakwa

actionable wrong

2330

perbuatan terbuka

overt act

2331

percantuman

merger

2332

percantuman dan penyatuan

joinder and consolidation

2333

percantuman isu

joinder of issue

2334

percantuman kausa tindakan

joinder of causes of action

2335

percantuman pihak

joinder of parties

2336

percubaan

probation;attempt

2337

percubaan ambil alih

tak-over bid

2338

percuma

gratis

2339

perdagangan

trade (commerce)

2340

perdagangan gelap

ilicit traffic

2341

perdamaian

reconciliation

2342

perdaya

deceive

2343

perdayaan

deception

2344

perempuan bersuami

married woman

2345

perhimpunan

assembly

2346

Perhimpunan Agung Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu

General Assembly of the United Nations

2347

perhimpunan pleno

plenary assembly

2348

perihal dagangan

trade description

2349

perikatan

alliance

2350

periksa balas

cross examine

2351

peringanan

commutation (sentence)

2352

perintah

rule (direction by court)

2353

perintah dalam majlis mesyuarat

order-in-council

2354

perintah interim

interim order

2355

perintah interlokutori

interlocutory order

2356

perintah komital

order of committal

2357

perintah larangan

prohibitory order

2358

perintah letakhak

vesting order

2359

perintah mandatori

mandatory order

2360

perintah muktamad

peremptory order

2361

perintah mutlak

order absolute

2362

perintah nisi

order nisi;rule nisi

2363

perintah panduan

directory order

2364

perintah pelepasan kebankrapan

order of discharge in bankcruptcy

2365

perintah pelepasan mutlak

absolute order of discharge

2366

perintah pemisahan

separation order 

2367

perintah penahanan

attachment order

2368

perintah penerimaan

receiving order

2369

perintah penghukuman

adjudication order

2370

perintah perlindungan

protective order

2371

perintah seperti dikehendaki

order in terms

2372

perintah seperti dipohon

order as prayed

2373

perisytiharan

declaration

2374

perisytiharan darurat

declaration of emergency

2375

perisytiharan perang

declaration of war

2376

perizaban

reservation (of land)

2377

perjalanan urusan

course of business

2378

perjanjian

agreement

2379

perjanjian am

general act (of international agreement)

2380

perjanjian armistis

armistice agreement

2381

perjanjian berkekalan

perpetual agreement

2382

perjanjian bertulis

agreement in writing

2383

perjanjian damai-sentara

truce agreement

2384

perjanjian eksekutif

executive agreement

2385

perjanjian kolektif

collective agreement

2386

perjanjian komoditi antarabangsa

international commodity agreement

2387

perjanjian konsesi

conscession agreement

2388

perjanjian lisan

oral agreement

2389

perjanjian penurunan

devolution agreement

2390

perjanjian pewarisan

inheritance agreement

2391

perjanjian pinjaman

loan agreement

2392

perjanjian semasa

contemporaneous agreement

2393

perjanjian solus

solus agreement

2394

perjanjian tak sah

void agreement

2395

perjanjian tarik diri

knock out agreement

2396

perjanjian tersirat

implied agreement

2397

perkadaran

rating

2398

perjanjian berpotensi poligami

potentially polygamous marriage

2399

perjanjian ikut adat

customary marriage

2400

perkahwinan poligami 

polygamous marriage

2401

Perkara

Article (of Constitution or Treaty)

2402

perkara fakta

point of fact

2403

perkara-perkara prjanjian

articles of agreement

2404

perkara-perkara persatuan

articles of association

2405

perkara undang-undang

point of law

2406

perkhidmatan bersama

joint services

2407

Perkhidmatan Kehakiman dan Perundangan

Judicial and Legal Service

2408

perkhidmatan negara

national service

2409

perkhidmatan tentera

military service

2410

perkiraan

arragement

2411

perkiraan keselamatan serantau

regional security arragement

2412

perkongsian

partnership

2413

perkongsian berhad

limited partnership

2414

perkongsian ikut kehendak

partnership at will 

2415

perkosa

ravish

2416

perlanggaran keistimewaan

breach of privilege

2417

perlanggaran undang-undang

breach of law

2418

perlanggaran waranti

breach of warranty

2419

perlanjutan masa

extension of time

2420

perlembagaan

constitution

2421

perlembagaan bertulis

written constitution

2422

perlembagaan boleh lentur

flexible constitution

2423

Perlembagaan Malaysia

Constitution of Malaysia

2424

Perlembagaan Persekutuan

Federal Constitution

2425

perlembagaan syarikat

constitution of company

2426

perlembagaan tak bertulis

unwritten constitution

2427

perletakhakan semula tanah

re-vesting of land

2428

perlindungan antarabangsa

international safeguard

2429

perlindungan bersyarat

qualified privilege

2430

perlindungan diplomatik

diplomatic protection

2431

perlindungan mutlak

absolute privilege

2432

perlonggokan

accumulation

2433

perlucutan kewarganegaraan

deprivation of citizenship

2434

pelucuthakan

forfeiture

2435

permainan kemahiran

game of skill

2436

permainan nasib

game of chance

2437

permintaan maaf

apology

2438

permit masuk

permit of entry

2439

pemodalan pendapatan

capitalization of income

2440

permodalan rizab

capitalization of reserve

2441

permohonan

application

2442

permohonan pemula

originating application

2443

perniagaan insurans

insurance business

2444

perniagaan meminjamkan wang

money lending business

2445

perniagaan pajak gadai

pawnbroking business

2446

pernyataan fitnah

defamatory statement

2447

pernyataan keliru

misleading statement

2448

pernyatan nazak

dying statement

2449

pernyataan pembelaan

statement of defence

2450

pernyatan silap

misstatement

2451

pernyataan tak relevan

irrelevant statement

2452

pernyataan tuntutan

statement of claim

2453

perolehan

acquisition

2454

perolehan kewarganegaraan

acquisition of citizenship

2455

perpulauan

archipelago

2456

persalingan

reciprocity

2457

persaraan

superannuation

2458

persatuan perdagangan

trade association

2459

persaudagaran

merchantile

2460

persediaan

preparation

2461

persekutuan

federation

2462

perselisihan keterangan

discrepancy of evidence

2463

persemendaan

affinity

2464

persempadanan

delimitation

2465

persetubuhan

carnal knowledge

2466

persetujuan haram

illicit intercourse

2467

persetujuan haram

accord;concurrence;assent;agreement

2468

persetujuan dan penyelesaian

accord and satisfaction

2469

persetujuan termaklum

tacit consent

2470

persidangan antarabangsa

international conference

2471

persubahatan

abetment

2472

pertahanan diri

self-defence

2473

pertahanan negara

national defence

2474

pertalian darah

consanguinity

2475

pertikaian

dispute

2476

pertikaian antarabangsa

international dispute

2477

pertikaian boleh diadili

justiciable dispute

2478

pertikaian perdagangan

trade dispute

2479

pertikaian perindustrian

industrial dispute

2480

pertikaian tak boleh diadili

non-justiciable dispute

2481

pertikaian tak boleh timbangtara

non-arbitrable dispute

2482

pertikaian undang-undang

legal dispute

2483

pertimbangan keutamaan

preferential consideration

2484

pertimbangan undang-undang

legal consideration

2485

pertuanan

suzerainty

2486

pertubuhan

society

2487

pertubuhan antarabangsa

international organisation

2488

Pertubuhan Buruh Antarabangsa

International Labour Organization

2489

pertubuhan perbadanan

body corporate

2490

pertubuhan serantau

regional organization

2491

pertuduhan

charge (court)

2492

pertuduhan jenayah

criminal charges

2493

pertukaran kerakyatan

change of nationality

2494

pertukaran nota

exchange of notes

2495

pertukaran ratifikasi

exchange of ratifications

2496

pertukaran surat

exchange of letters

2497

pertukaran suratcara

exchange of instruments

2498

perubahan asasi hal keadaan

fundamental change of circumstances

2499

perubahan material

material alteration

2500

perujukan

reference (legal proceeding)

2501

perundangan

legislation

2502

perundangan antarabangsa

international legislation

2503

perundangan darurat

emergency legislation

2504

perundangan luar wilayah

extraterritorial legislation

2505

perundangan perwakilan

delegated legislation

2506

perundangan subsidiari

subsidiary legislation

2507

perundingan kolektif

collective bargaining

2508

peruntukan

provision

2509

peruntukan bersamaan

corresponding provision

2510

Peruntukan Diraja

Civil List

2511

peruntukan nyata

express provision

2512

peruntukan peralihan

transitional provision

2513

peruntukan perlu

essential provision

2514

peruntukan tersirat

implied provision

2515

perusuh

rioter

2516

perwakilan

delegation;legation;representation (agent)

2517

perwakilan kewajipan

delegation of duty

2518

perwakilan kuasa

delegation of power

2519

perwujudan gadaian

creation of charges

2520

pernyataan beramaran

cautioned statement

2521

perzinaan

adultery

2522

pesalah

offender

2523

pesalah buronan

fugitive offender

2524

pesalah juvenil

juvenile offender

2525

pesalah muda

youthful offender

2526

peserta

acceeory

2527

pesisir depan

foreshore

2528

pesuruhjaya

commissioner

2529

Pesuruhjaya Kehakiman

Judicial Commissioner

2530

Pesuruhjaya Penyemak Undang-Undang

Commissioner for Law Revision

2531

pesuruhjaya perdagangan

trade commissioner

2532

Pesuruhjaya Sumpah

Commissioner for Oath 

2533

petisyen

petition

2534

petisyen bertulis

petition in writing

2535

petisyen pilihanraya

election peition

2536

Petisyen Rayuan

Petition of Appeal

2537

petunjuk kepada juri

direction to jury

2538

pewarisan 

inheritance;succession

2539

pewarisan negara

state succession

2540

pewasiat

testator

2541

piagam

charter

2542

piagam wanita

women's charter

2543

pihak

party

2544

pihak berkuasa

authority (body)

2545

pihak berkuasa awam

public authority

2546

pihak berkuasa dasar laut

seabed authority

2547

pihak berkuasa kompeten

competent authority

2548

pihak berkuasa tempatan

local authority

2549

pihak dalam kontrak

pary to a contract

2550

pihak ketiga

third party

2551

pihak menentang

adverse party

2552

pihak menuntut

claimant

2553